Magnesium & Potassium
Magnesium – one of the most important minerals found in human’s body, which is involved in cellular energy production, enzyme activity, it also regulates the spread of nerve impulses.
Magnesium is important for muscular (especially when one’s got crumps) and nervous system activity, also for the bone structure. Magnesium regulates the metabolism of other minerals; it also controls the uptake of such substances as: calcium, potassium, phosphorus, copper, vitamin C and zinc.
Magnesium affects blood sugar regulation by stimulating the production of insulin. This mineral relaxes muscles and dilates blood vessels, thereby reducing elevated blood pressure.
Magnesium is important for proper heart work; it supports the rhythmic heart activity. In the absence of magnesium, there is a higher possibility of microclots forming in the vessels, faster progress in atherosclerosis.
Furthermore, magnesium deficiency might result in increased nervous irritability, nervousness, headaches, sleep disturbances, general weakness, drowsiness, physical and emotional exhaustion, quick tiredness.
People who lack magnesium usually feel inexplicable inner anxiety, stress, cardiac arrhythmias, muscle cramps, numbness in fingers, dizziness, buzzing in ears, constant fatigue. In the absence of magnesium, calcium is eliminated from our body. Than can cause heart problems, leg cramps and nausea. Magnesium is essential for pregnant and breastfeeding women. Magnesium deficiency is often felt by elderly people. Studies show that two-thirds of elderly people receive 75 % less magnesium with food than it is recommended, this leads to the development of osteoporosis.
According to the latest research, magnesium and potassium salt may reduce the risk of salt accumulation in the kidneys.
Magnesium deficiency causes: low Mg diet (inadequate nutrition, diet), intense mental work, stress, alcohol, coffee abuse, impaired absorption of Mg (vomiting, diarrhoea, endocrine disorders); increased Mg demand (pregnancy, breastfeeding), adolescence, age, sweating during exercise routines, attending sauna, using high doses of diuretics, a lot of Mg is lost in summer time while sweating.
Potassium is the most important cation in human’s body; it is also called mineral of the heart. It regulates blood pressure, maintains normal fluid balance, it is important for nervous system and heart muscle work, potassium acts as an electrolyte.
Potassium directly affects the heart muscle cells and nerve impulse function, therefore cardiac contractions change when potassium level changes. It was estimated that consuming more potassium decreases level of risk hypertension related diseases- stroke, heart attack and kidney failure.
It is particularly important to maintain a sufficient level of potassium for people who enjoy salty food, because this mineral eliminates the negative effects of the white salt. Salt tend to accumulate fluid in extremities, also cause various swellings, discomfort in heart zone. This is when Potassium and Magnesium preparations can help you!
Potassium is recommended for people, who suffer from high blood pressure, as the mineral is involved in regulation of the blood pressure, also for those who feel discomfort with the beating of heart, also for patients with cardiovascular diseases, especially for elderly people whose diet is low in potassium.
Potassium regulates the production of energy from protein, fat and the metabolism of carbohydrates. It inhibits the negative effects of free radicals in cells; potassium reduces thrombus formation in arteries. Potassium has an indirect impact on blood vessel walls, reducing the formation of atherosclerosis.
Minor potassium deficiency causes general weakness and fatigue, patients complain of rapid heart beating, constipation, muscle weakness, leg cramps. Mood changes are evident.
Increased potassium deficiency causes dangerous heart rhythm disorders, can increase blood pressure, maybe harmful to the kidneys, can cause nervous system disorders, depression, nausea and vomiting.
Potassium deficiencycan be caused by: low potassium level in a diet (inadequate nutrition, diet), intestinal diseases undermine its uptake, excessive removal through the kidneys and gastrointestinal tract (diarrhoea, usage of urine propulsion enhancing drugs-diuretics), elevated emission through sweat, salty food, usage of hormonal medication. Besides, the potassium received with food is not sufficient enough, especially for people with cardiovascular diseases (arterial hypertension, cardiac arrhythmias, and chronic heart failure), diabetes mellitus, and recommended intake of potassium for elderly people is significantly higher, otherwise hypokalemia – potassium deficiency might occur.
Joseph E. Zerwekh, a, , Clarita V. Odvinaa, Lisa-Ann Wuermser†, a and Charles Y.C. Paka
Center for Mineral Metabolism and Clinical Research, and the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, Texas
J. Clin. Pharmacol., Nov 1998; 38: 1035 – 1041. (SAN ANTONIO, TX — Nov. 13, 1998 in The Journal Of Clinical Pharmacology)
Pak CY, Koenig K, Khan R, Haynes S, Padalino P. Pak CY.
Center for Mineral Metabolism and Clinical Research, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas.